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The main street of Newcastle historically was called the Ozark Trail, running from Rogers, Arkansas toRoswell, New Mexico. Much of the road was incorporated into what became US 62, which passes through the city over the same path. In 1925, the Ozark Trail bridge over the South Canadian River between Newcastle and Oklahoma City was the first federal funded highway project built in Oklahoma. It was a steel thru-truss bridge with timber flooring and carried traffic on the Ozark Trail, which was later designated as US 62.

Until the mid-twenties, there was a major river ford at May Avenue that was used whenever the water wasn't too deep. Farmers from Newcastle forged the river with their horses and wagons and traveled up May Avenue on their way to the Oklahoma City Farmer's Market by Western and Reno. Today, only a single section of the old Newcastle Bridge remains alongside the Interstate 44 bridge after having received significant damage during the tornado outbreak of 2013.

The city was incorporated as South Newcastle in 1962, then a petition to change the name to Newcastle in 1965.[1]

The city limits of Newcastle encompassed just a few square miles until around 1960, when Oklahoma City began annexing huge chunks of land across the river. Newcastle expanded, as did Tuttle and Blanchard, to prevent the city from trying to move across the river. The population grew very little until the mid-1970s, when Oklahoma City began expanding past SW 74th Street, populating near the I-44 corridor.

In the 1980s, the city annexed the territory that lies near Norman (north of State Highway 9).

The 1999 Oklahoma tornado outbreak struck parts of Newcastle and resulted in the destruction of several homes in the city limits. Greater destruction occurred in Bridge Creek and Moore.

In 2004, a Wal-Mart Super Center opened, which resulted in significant development at Tri-City shopping district.

In 2010, Newcastle was listed in the Top 10 fastest growing communities in Oklahoma with a population increase of 41.4% since 2000. Newcastle is now the largest population city in McClain County.


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